Chapter 43Air and Water Pollution: Environmental pollution has many facets, and the resultant health risks include diseases in almost all organ systems. Thus, a chapter on air and water pollution control links with chapters on, for instance, diarrheal diseases chapter 19respiratory diseases in children and adults chapters 25 and 35cancers chapter 29neurological disorders chapter 32and cardiovascular disease chapter 33as well as with a number of chapters dealing with health care issues.
The lists can be different based on what is considered a pollutant or which pollutants are considered to be worse. Water, ground, and air pollution are all bad, but depending on which ranking one looks at, some may be considered worse than others. Still, some cities in the world tend to make many of the lists.
At least in these cases, there is some consensus. One of those cities is Kabwe, Zambia. This African city known for its lead and copper mines is also known for its pollution.
As the mines ran without government environmental regulation for nearly a century, the toll on the local population began to show. Even with the mines no longer in operation, children in and around the city show lead levels five to ten times the amount considered acceptable by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Another town that is known for contamination is that of Sumgayit, Azerbaijan. It was one of the centers for the production of pesticides and other chemicals during the height of the Soviet Union, but that came with a toll. Hundreds of thousands of tons of chemicals were released into the atmosphere as a result of the production process.
Now, cancer rates in the town are one of the highest in the world. Ad While much of the world has heard about the pollution problem in Beijing, China, it is the Chinese city of Linfen that is on nearly every list of most polluted cities, often occupying the number one spot.
Clouds of coal dust often settle over the city, making breathing difficult. That may be the least of the worries in Linfen, however, as arsenic in the drinking water may be the worst of the concerns.
In addition to being one of the coldest major population centers in the world, Norilsk, Russia, located in Siberia, is also one of the dirtiest. The city has been polluted with heavy metal smelting and mining. In fact, the city is so polluted, it is said there is not a single living tree within 30 miles 48 km.
The life expectancy in the town is 10 years below the Russian average.Pollution control means to control the emissions and effluents into the air, water and land or soil. Without pollution control, the waster products from consumptions, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation and other human activities, whether they .
Air pollution is a general term that covers a broad range of contaminants in the atmosphere. Pollution can occur from natural causes or from human activities. Discussions about the effects of air pollution have focused mainly on human health but attention is being directed to environmental quality and amenity as .
These data are based on perceptions of visitors of this website in the past 3 years. If the value is 0, it means it is perceived as very low, and if the value is , it means it is perceived as very high.
As the World Health Organization (WHO) points out, outdoor air pollution contributes as much as to percent of the burden of disease in developing regions, and other pollution, such as lead in water, air, and soil, may contribute percent.
How would each of these three choices be a point and non-source of water and air pollution • How would the air and water pollution generated from these sources impact the health of a small town, the local ecosystem, and the local economy.
What are some possible solutions. Whether you and your family live in an urban city or a rural town, indoor air pollution is a common problem along with outdoor air pollution.
To reduce air pollutants in your home and in your city, follow these tips that can help you and your family live a healthier life.