A acquittal - Judgment that a criminal defendant has not been proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Affidavits must be notarized or administered by an officer of the court with such authority. Essentially, the defendant is admitting that the evidence is sufficient to show guilt.
Facts and Case Summary - Carey v. At his trial, members of the Strudder family wore buttons with a picture of Strudder on them. They sat in the seating area reserved for the public. The buttons were about two to four inches in diameter and were visible to the judge, jury, prosecutor, defense lawyers, and the defendant.
The trial judge denied a defense motion to order the members of the family to remove the buttons, arguing that they could be used to unfairly prejudice the jury, and thus deny Musladin a fair trial by an impartial jury as required by the Sixth Amendment, as incorporated to the states via the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Procedure Musladin was convicted, and his conviction was upheld by the California state courts.
Musladin then filed a habeas corpus suit in appropriate U. A habeas corpus suit allows a defendant to sue the government, arguing that the government has violated the defendant's rights. If the court agrees, it releases the defendant.
District Court rejected the defendant's argument, but the U.
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals found that the buttons could have prejudiced the jury. Supreme Court agreed to hear this case. Issue Whether courtroom spectators wearing buttons showing a picture of a murder victim during the trial of the alleged murderer may deprive the defendant of his Sixth Amendment right to an impartial jury, as applied to the states via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
The Supreme Court vacated set aside the U. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision that the buttons could have prejudiced the jury. This reinstated the state court decision that wearing such buttons did not deprive the defendant of an impartial jury.
Reasoning There was no clearly defined prohibition against such behavior by private citizens. Past Supreme Court decisions only dealt with state-sponsored practices.
Concurrences Justice Kennedy Justice Anthony Kennedy said that there was no evidence that the buttons caused any type of disruption; thus, they should be permitted. He did, however, note that perhaps courts have the authority, as a preventive measure, to prohibit the wearing of buttons or other signs of expression in a courtroom if the buttons or other forms of expression concern the case being heard.
Justice Souter Justice David H. Souter concurred with the majority opinion, but added that the court should have focused solely on the issue of whether the spectators' actions were "unreasonable.The losing party in a decision by a trial court in the federal courts normally is entitled to appeal the decision to a federal court of appeals.
The Process Although some cases are decided based on written briefs alone, many cases are selected for an "oral argument" before the court. In trial practice, the interrogation of a witness to elicit his or her testimony in a civil or criminal action, so that the facts he or she possesses are presented before the trial of fact for consideration.
These appeals usually occur before the actual trial begins. the trial court reconsider the facts, take additional evidence, or consider the case in light of a recent decision by the appellate court. How Courts Work Home | Courts and Legal Procedure.
reviews the facts of a case offered by opposing counsels and makes an impartial decision as to the guilt of the defendant(s). The jury is a legal order requiring a . Breadcrumbs. Courts; Learn about Indiana's Court System; Current: ; What is the Difference Between Trial Courts and Appellate Courts?
What is the Difference Between Trial Courts and Appellate Courts? There are three major differences between trial-level courts and appellate-level courts. a complex process involving the assembly of information and evidence, the analysis of facts and law, the preparation of material for trial presentation, and posttrial appeals, and the execution of judgments.