Etymology[ edit ] A maja fruit near Brahu temple in Trowulan, the bitter-tasting fruit is the origin of the kingdom's name The name Majapahit derives from local Javanesemeaning "bitter maja". German orientalist Berthold Laufer suggested that maja came from the Javanese name of Aegle marmelosan Indonesian tree.
Etymology[ edit ] A maja fruit near Brahu temple in Trowulan, the bitter-tasting fruit is the origin of the kingdom's name The name Majapahit derives from local Javanesemeaning "bitter maja".
German orientalist Berthold Laufer suggested that maja came from the Javanese name of Aegle marmelosan Indonesian tree. It was said that the workers clearing the Tarik timberland encountered some bael trees and consumed its bitter-tasting fruit that subsequently become the village's name.
In ancient Java it is common to refer the kingdom with its capital's name. Majapahit sometimes also spelled Mojopait is also known by other names: Wilwatikta, although sometimes the natives refer to their kingdom as Bhumi Jawa or Mandala Jawa instead.
Historiography[ edit ] Little physical evidence of Majapahit remains,  and some details of the history are rather abstract. Majapahit did produce physical evidence: He reported the existence of "ruins of temples Composed by Prapanca init provides a primary historical account of Majapahit court during the reign of King Hayam Wuruk.
By the early 20th century, Dutch colonial historians began to study old Javanese and Balinese literature to explore the past of their colony. Two primary sources were available to them: The Nagarakretagama is an old Javanese epic poem written during the Majapahit golden age under the reign of Hayam Wurukafter which some events are covered narratively.
There are also some inscriptions in Old Javanese and Chinese. The Javanese sources incorporate some poetic mythological elements, and scholars such as C.
Bergan Indies-born Dutch naturalist, have considered the entire historical record to be not a record of the past, but a supernatural means by which the future can be determined.
The list of rulers and details of the state structure show no sign of being invented. The Chinese accounts on Majapahit, mainly owed to the 15th century Zheng He 's account — a Ming Dynasty admiral reports during his visit to Majapahit between and Zheng He's translator Ma Huan wrote a detailed description of Majapahit and where the king of Java lived.
The aerial and satellite imagery has revealed extensive network of canals criss-crossing the Majapahit capital. Kertanegarathe last ruler of Singhasari, refused to pay the tribute, insulted the Mongol envoy, and challenged the Khan instead. In response, Kublai Khan sent a massive expedition of 1, ships to Java in Mongol invasion of Java Painting of a 14th-century Yuan junk.
Similar ships were sent by the Yuan in their naval armada. By that time, Jayakatwangthe Adipati Duke of Kediria vassal state of Singhasari, had usurped and killed Kertanagara.
After being pardoned by Jayakatwang with the aid of Madura's regent, Arya Wiraraja; Raden WijayaKertanegara's son-in-law, was given the land of Tarik timberland.
He then opened the vast timberland and built a new settlement there. The village was named Majapahit, which was taken from the name of a fruit that had a bitter taste maja is the fruit name and pahit means bitter. When the Mongolian Yuan army sent by Kublai Khan arrived, Wijaya allied himself with the army to fight against Jayakatwang.
Once Jayakatwang was destroyed, Raden Wijaya forced his allies to withdraw from Java by launching a surprise attack. It was also their last chance to catch the monsoon winds home; otherwise, they would have had to wait for another six months.
InRaden Wijaya founded a stronghold with the capital Majapahit. King Kertarajasa took all four daughters of Kertanegara as his wives, his first wife and prime queen consort Tribhuwaneswari, and her sisters; Prajnaparamita, Narendraduhita, and Gayatri Rajapatni the youngest.
The new kingdom faced challenges. Some of Kertarajasa's most trusted men, including RanggalaweSora, and Nambi were rebelled against him, though unsuccessfully.Basunat for society Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, is very important. In fact, Islam is not considered perfect person if the person has not been circumcised.
If all the problems of ritual is ignored, it will only cause the-Kris is furious and when it's so, it is a harmonious atmosphere between the-Keris and its owner became distracted and.
Feb 02, · Tour Starting Point: Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia Famous beach party with a ritual Mappanretasi / Mappanretase (Sea Offering Ceremony) is an expression of gratitude to His Pagatan Coast fishing power over abundance of seafood and also ask for protection at sea.
aLL abOUt CuLtuRe DivERsity, touRiSm aNd tRaDiTioNs. The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Indonesian: Kemaharajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from to circa Majapahit reached its peak of glory during the era of Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from to was marked by conquest which.
Mar 21, · The Museum of Lambung Mangkurat was officially opened in from birth- children- adults- getting married- giving birth- phase, until death. Banjarmasin city, South Kalimantan province.
The Museum of Lambung Mangkurat is located in Banjarbaru, 35 km from Banjarmasin. Shortly after his release, Sukarno became President of the Central Advisory Council, an advisory council for south Borneo, Celebes, and Lesser Sunda, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan: , 8, Indonesia 3 Kuching, Sarawak: , Malaysia 4 Balikpapan, East Kalimantan: , 1, Indonesia 5Location: Southeast Asia.
The latest information about Borneo festivals and events, annual events, religious festivals. Traditional boat races in the provincial capital of Banjarmasin celebrate Indonesia Independence Day (Hari Proklamasi) on August, South Kalimantan, Aruh Ganal Suku Dayak is a thanksgiving ceremony propagated by the chief of the village .