Infighting and massacres between these groups claimed several thousand victims.
The Republic of Lebanon Orientation Identification. Loubnan derives from the Phoenician for "white mountain" and denotes Lebanon's mountains, some parts of which remain snow-covered all year.
Lebanon is bounded on the north and east by Syria, on the west by the Mediterranean, and on the south by Israel. Lebanon consists of two mountain chains, the Lebanon and the ante-Lebanon; a narrow coastal strip, where all the major cities lie; and a fertile plain, the Bekaa valley, which lies between the two mountain chains and provides most of the local agricultural produce.
The capital, Beirut, was chosen for its ideal location on the Mediterranean and acts as the heart of Lebanon's banking industry, tourism, and trade.
The port of Beirut is the busiest and most important in the country. As ofthe population of Lebanon was estimated to be 3, Ninety-five percent of the population is Arab, 4 percent is Armenian, and other ethnic backgrounds comprise the remaining 1 percent.
The birth rate is The average life expectancy for those born at the end of the twentieth century was Whereas at independence, gained inthe population was one-half Christian and one-half Muslim, a higher birth rate among Shiite Muslims upset this balance and was one of the causes of the civil war.
Estimates in the s reveal a population composed of nearly 70 percent Muslims and 30 percent Christians. Languages spoken include Arabic, French, English, and Armenian.
There are many accents in Lebanon. The Beirut accent is the mellowest and most highly regarded, while country accents are harsher.
Accents are a much higher indicator of social status than they are in the United States. Lebanon has seen many invasions, which introduced new cultures and languages.
The Canaanites, the first known settlers in the country, spoke a Semitic language.
In the Hellenistic era Greek was introduced and spoken along with Aramaic. Latin later became common, and finally the Arab invasion in the eighth century introduced and assured the hegemony of Arabic.
Today, all Lebanese speak Arabic; most of them, especially the upper and middle classes, speak French; recently, English has become increasingly important. The cedar in the center of the Lebanese flag is the symbol of six thousand years of history: The location of the cedar tree in the middle of the flag touching the upper and lower red stripes is also a reminder of Lebanon's constant troubles because the red stripes represent the blood spilt by the Lebanese throughout their history.
The country's religious diversity has led to the transformation of many religious holidays into national ones.WWI Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activites, and more; WWI Web Sites. Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures The three titles digitized for “Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures” by the Library of Congress represent diverse pictorials published in Sunday pictorial sections by two of the most prominent U.S.
newspapers of the day: the New York Times and New . Our website is the source for the latest security and strategic research from the military's link to the academic community.
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Jan 04, · Life in Zaartari Refugee Camp, built to house those who have escaped from Syria's civil war, should inspire we who enjoy safe and prosperous lives in the West to help "the least of these.".
A sheriff in the Hudson River Valley near Albany, New York, about to go into the hills in the fall of to collect back rents from tenants on the enormous Rensselaer estate, was handed a letter. Location and Geography.
Lebanon is bounded on the north and east by Syria, on the west by the Mediterranean, and on the south by Israel.
A sheriff in the Hudson River Valley near Albany, New York, about to go into the hills in the fall of to collect back rents from tenants on .