Watch this video from PBS Newshour about urbanization today in less developed countries.
Women mostly found jobs in domestic service, textile factories, and piece work shops. They also worked in the coal mines. For some, the Industrial Revolution provided independent wages, mobility and a better standard of living.
For the majority, however, factory work in the early years of the 19th century resulted in a life of hardship. The following selections are testimonies from England and Wales collected by Parliamentary commissions who began to investigate the industrial employment of women and children in the early s.
Inspectors visited mills, mines and shops taking evidence from workers to see ways in which the Industrial Revolution affected women and families. The sources, along with illustrations and a workforce chart, reveal the following points: Working conditions were often unsanitary and the work dangerous.
Education suffered because of the demands of work. Home life suffered as women were faced with the double burden of factory work followed by domestic chores and child care. Men assumed supervisory roles over women and received higher wages. Unsupervised young women away from home generated societal fears over their fate.
As a result of the need for wages in the growing cash economy, families became dependent on the wages of women and children There was some worker opposition to proposals that child and female labor should be abolished from certain jobs.Life in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution underwent vast social and economic changes, the result of developments in mechanised working methods, and the introduction of the factory system and the steam engine.
The lives of large sections of the population of Great Britain underwent massive changes during the Industrial Revolution.
Children in the Industrial Revolution. Citation: C N Trueman "Children in the Industrial Revolution" initiativeblog.com The History Learning Site, 31 Mar This does not necessarily mean that they are accurate but they do give us a good idea of what life was like for children in the industrial cities of C19 Britain.
Industrial Revolution working conditions were extremely dangerous for many reasons, namely the underdeveloped technology that was prone to breaking and even fires, and the lack of safety protocol. But it was dangerous particularly for reasons of economics: owners were under no regulations and did.
Railways burst into life during the Industrial Revolution. This is how. Causes and Preconditions for the Industrial Revolution.
Canals Were at Their Height During the Industrial Revolution. A Beginner's Guide to the Industrial Revolution.
The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolution was the result of many fundamental, interrelated changes that transformed agricultural economies into industrial ones. Consequently, these rapid technological changes affected the lives of millions of people.
The Industrial Revolution witnessed a huge growth in the size of British cities.
In , the population of Britain was estimated to be million. By , the year of the first census, it was million and by , million.