This description of the movie making process is written to be relevant to independent movie makers outside the Hollywood system, so traditional Hollywood-style development — which is currently mired in some considerable trouble — will not be dealt with here, because it is quite simply no longer a relevant, realistic or viable option for independent movie makers. Development consists of the following activities, which may overlap and may be sequenced in a different order in different movies: That means deciding the boundaries between the three acts, as well as the inciting incident and midpoint of Act 2.
Stages of production[ edit ] Film production consists of five major stages: Financing for the project has to be sought and obtained.
Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crewselecting locations and constructing sets. The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot.
The images, sound, and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product.
Development[ edit ] In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a bookThe filmmaking processanother filmtrue storyvideo gamecomic bookgraphic novelor an original ideaetc. After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis.
Next they produce a step outlinewhich breaks the story down into one-paragraph scenes that concentrate on dramatic structure.
Then, they prepare a treatmenta topage description of the story, its mood, and characters. This usually has little dialogue and stage directionbut often contains drawings that help visualize key points.
Another way is to produce a scriptment once a synopsis is produced. Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months. The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, clarity, structure, characters, dialogue, and overall style. However, producers often skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which investors, studios, and other interested parties assess through a process called script coverage.
A film distributor may be contacted at an early stage to assess the likely market and potential financial success of the film. Hollywood distributors adopt a hard-headed no approach and consider factors such as the film genrethe target audience and assumed audience, the historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film, and potential directors.
All these factors imply a certain appeal of the film to a possible audience. Not all films make a profit from the theatrical release alone, so film companies take DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights into account.
The producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitchor treatment, and present it to potential financiers. They will also pitch the film to actors and directors especially so-called bankable stars in order to "attach" them to the project that is, obtain a binding promise to work on the film if financing is ever secured.
Many projects fail to move beyond this stage and enter so-called development hell. If a pitch succeeds, a film receives a " green light ", meaning someone offers financial backing: The parties involved negotiate a deal and sign contracts.
Once all parties have met and the deal has been set, the film may proceed into the pre-production period. By this stage, the film should have a clearly defined marketing strategy and target audience. Development of animated films differs slightly in that it is the director who develops and pitches a story to an executive producer on the basis of rough storyboardsand it is rare for a full-length screenplay to already exist at that point in time.
If the film is green-lighted for further development and pre-production, then a screenwriter is later brought in to prepare the screenplay.
Analogous to most any business venture, financing of a film project deals with the study of filmmaking as the management and procurement of investments. It includes the dynamics of assets that are required to fund the filmmaking and liabilities incurred during the filmmaking over the time period from early development through the management of profits and losses after distribution under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk.
The practical aspects of filmmaking finance can also be defined as the science of the money management of all phases involved in filmmaking. Film finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return based upon anticipated profits and protection against losses.
Pre-production In pre-productionevery step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned. The production company is created and a production office established. The film is pre-visualized by the director, and may be storyboarded with the help of illustrators and concept artists.
A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film. For major productions, insurance is procured to protect against accidents.CinemaScope, filmmaking process in which a motion picture is projected on a screen, with the width of the image two and a half times its height.
Jun 28, · HOW TO Make a Movie (Part I) - The Process of Filmmaking - Script Structure - Blake Snyder's Beat Sheet We all have at the very least a very basic notion of how a film becomes a reality. You write a script, you shoot the film, you cut it and it’s good to . The Beginner’s Guide to the Filmmaking Process Posted on May 5, April 25, by New York Film Academy After watching a great movie, few people ever sit .
In the following film production checklist, I broke the filmmaking process into 65 steps. Obviously some steps will be more challenging than other steps. But like I said, if you take time to study this film production checklist, you might get a tip or two that can potentially make your life easier.
Filmmaker Freedom is a new kind of filmmaking website for a new generation of filmmakers. In the following film production checklist, I broke the filmmaking process into 65 steps. Obviously some steps will be more challenging than other steps.
But like I said, if you take time to study this film production checklist, you might get a tip or two that can potentially make your life easier.